Glossary

combining rules

A rule for how to combine the Lennard-Jones-type parameters for single atoms into parameters for the interaction between two atoms. Common rules are geometric, arithmetic or Lorentz-Bertholet, sixth-power or Waldman-Hagler. Wikipedia has a useful page describing combining rules.

dashboard

The web interface to the Job Datastore responsible for monitoring and managing the executed jobs.

DFT

Density functional theory is a quantum mechanical method that is based on the electron density as the central quantity instead of wave functions. DFT has become very popular during the past few decades because it is simple to use and provides a good compromise between the computational cost and accuracy.

flowchart

A graphical representation of a multi-step simulation protocol. See Flowchart

force-field

An approximate, parameterized description of the potential energy surface (PES) for a system composed of (quasi-)atoms. A forcefield provides a mathematical description of the PES as a function of the coordinates of the atoms, using parameters to fit the physical PES. Typically, a forcefield is composed of a functional form (such as Lennard-Jones potentials for the non-bonded (van der Waals) interactions between atoms, harmonic or quartic or Morse potentials to describe bonds, etc.) and the parameters for specific interactions [such as the Lennard-Jones parameters \(\epsilon\) (well depth) and \(\sigma\) (particle size)]. A reference such as AMBER forcefield can refer to the functional form, to a specific set of parameters or to the combination of the two depending on the context.

See Overview of Forcefields for a more complete discussion.

job

Execution of each flowchart which is in contrast to the common meaning of a job as a unit of work submitted to a queue for execution. The SEAMM documentation will use batch job to refer to latter type unless it is clear from the context. A flowchart can be executed as a single batch job, may generate many batch jobs for individual tasks or can be executed directly with no batch job involved.

job datastore

is the central place where information about the jobs and their corresponding results such as the flowchart, inputs, and outputs are stored. This information can be inspected, monitored and queried.

job manager

The part of SEAMM that handles running jobs.

plug-in

The implementation of a workflow, comprised of a GUI for setting the control values for all steps, a container to hold the control values, and finally the implementation of the functionality of every step.

step

A step in the simulation protocol, typically representing a single piece of work. Represented in a flowchart by a box, steps are implemented by plug-ins.

task

A batch process created by a step, often the execution of a simulation engine such as LAMMPS, GAMESS, Quantum Espresso, etc.